Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) is a web technology for adding the look, style, and layout (for example fonts, colors, spacing) to web pages.
All page layouts, from those with a few paragraphs of text to those with dozens of pages, have a style. In this blog post, we'll walk you through what cascading style sheets are and how they work.
Every article written on the internet is formatted using CSS. When we write HTML (which stands for Hypertext Markup Language), we tell the browser how to display our content, but that doesn't include anything like fonts or colors.
CSS is what determines the look and feel of everything on your screen: from headings and paragraphs to images and menus. Let's break down some CSS properties.
What are Cascading Style Sheets?
CSS is a way for web developers to control the look and feel of their website. CSS may be put into an external style sheet or inline within HTML. So what does it do? When you want to change the look and feel of your site, all you have to do is go in and update your CSS.
CSS can be used to:
- Change colors
- Add background images
- Add borders or rounded corners
- Create links that change text color when hovered over
- Change the font family and size
Backgrounds are the images that fill the space behind the text. Backgrounds can be images or colors. They can even be made to scroll with text, meaning that they move with the page as you scroll.
Fonts are the typeface you're reading this post in. They can be a font that is native to your system, a font you have downloaded on your system, a font from an internet-based Webfont service, or from Google Fonts. Font families have different weight, style, and thickness properties which determine how they appear on the page.
The color property is what determines the color of text, backgrounds, and more. There are a few different properties that you can use to change the colors on your site:
- background-color: This sets the background color for all elements.
- color: This sets the color of text or other content on a page.
- border-color: Sets the color of a border around an element.
- text-decoration: This sets the style of text decoration, such as underline or overline.
1. The font-family property: This determines which font will be used in the content. You can choose from a pre-installed list of fonts, or any type of font that has been installed on your computer.
2. The font-size property: This determines the size of the text in your document, measured in pixels (px) or points (pt).
3. The letter-spacing property: This determines how far apart letters should be from one another. You can either use a standard value or enter a number to determine to space in pixels or points.
4. The word-spacing property: This also determines how far apart letters should be from one another, but it applies to words rather than characters. You can use a standard value for this or enter a number to determine to space in pixels or points.
5. The line-height property: This is the space between lines of text, measured in pixels (px) or points (pt). In most cases, you'll want to leave this at the default setting of 1 pixel so that the lines have enough space between them without being too far apart from one another and making your article difficult to read.
6. The letter-spacing and word-spacing properties together: These two properties work together so that there's a consistent amount of space between all letters and words on a line, regardless of their length.
CSS is used to change the appearance and presentation of HTML pages and their content. It is a flexible and powerful tool that can be used to improve the visual design of a site without changing the underlying HTML.
To understand what CSS does, it is important to know what HTML does. HTML is used to define the structure of a website and how certain parts of a page should function. CSS defines the style and presentation of HTML content.