A domain name is a human-readable address for a website, that maps to a machine-readable IP address and takes users to the website on the Internet.
Do you have a business? Do you want to expand your business overseas? If so, then there is one thing that you will need to achieve success.
That is, of course, a domain name! What does this mean for your company, and how can it benefit you? Read on to find out more about what domain names are all about.
What is a domain name? A domain name is what identifies a computer or network. Domain names are primarily used to identify an Internet Protocol (IP) resource such as a website, hostname, or other server types.
The domain name may point either directly to the content. Here are some common terms you may encounter when managing an Internet domain name.
How does a domain name work?
Today we use domain names for almost everything. There is no doubt that Internet has changed our lives, and without it, we can hardly imagine life as we know it now.
Almost every business needs a web server and a website address, which means that there is a need for unique and simple to remember addresses more than ever before.
A domain name makes it easy for users to find your site on the web. You can think of a domain name as a person's name, which they would like to be called by people worldwide. If someone wants to reach you, they need to call your name.
The website's domain name (also known as the web address) is an alias for the IP address (Internet Protocol address). Domain names are used in the URL (Uniform Resource Locator) so that users can type easy-to-remember addresses rather than numeric IP addresses.
The domain name itself is a series of labels separated by dots, each label representing a different level in the DNS hierarchy. Domain names are used to easily identify resources on the Internet and locate them about their IP address.
Different Types of Domains
A domain name is a unique identity for the computer or website, which helps identify that device's location on the Internet. Many domain suffixes are found online to help users identify where that particular site is located. These are country-specific TLD (.in, .uk), generic TLDs (.org, .com).
A domain name is an identification of your website in the network. It helps to establish identity in the online world. Common domain name extensions are .com, .org, .net etc. You can not use any random name for your domain because someone else may already use it.
There are different domains available like country code top-level domains (ccTLDs), generic top-level domains (gTLDs), etc.
Top-Level Domains (TLDs)
Top-level domains (TLDs) are the main domain extensions at the end of a web address, such as .com in http://www.google.com/.
Generic TLDs work with words, ideas, and concepts with widespread appeal and recognition across borders and cultures.
They're names that describe products, services, or everyday topics. These domain names should be short and memorable. They should be globally recognized and flexible enough to allow the registrant considerable freedom in marketing, branding, and use.
Country-code TLD(ccTLD) are the extensions that are restricted to a single country. These have two parts; for example, .uk represents the United Kingdom while .co.UK is restricted to commercial organizations in the UK.
Generic TLD(gTLD) is an unrestricted type of domain. They are accessible to anyone, and they have three parts in them, i.e., .com, .net, or any other extension dynamically registered by registrars that own the top-level domain name for a generic TLD.
A domain name is a human-readable label for an IP address on the Internet. It is a shorter version of Uniform Resource Locator (URL).
Every website has its unique Domain Name, making it easy to identify and remember. A domain name consists of the top-level domain (TLD) and a second-level domain.
Other Domain Name Types
Second-Level Domain(SLD) or Sub-Domain is defined as an identifier attached to a domain name that specifies a particular directory, site, page, info, shopping, signup, etc.
A sub-domain is the part of your website address that comes after your primary domain name, like shop.mydomain.com or support. My domain.com.
Country Code TLD(ccTLD) are extensions of gTLDs. The ccTLDs are also open for registrations to anyone without any restriction.
However, registration of some ccTLDs may require proof of various conditions, like being a citizen or permanent resident of that country.
How to Register a Domain Name?
Registering a domain name is one of the first things you need to do before putting your website online. It helps prevent other people from buying and using it for themselves or any other purpose. Most web hosting sites like GoDaddy also offer domain name registration.
You can use the directory to find domain owners, IP addresses, mailing addresses, and telephone numbers.
If someone were to buy your domain, they could make changes without your knowledge and redirect it to their site, steal traffic from you, even sell off your domain to other people.
It would help if you always started with a unique name that any other site or person has not yet taken. It is also wise not to choose a name that is too general since it may be more desirable for users who are searching for something specific. For example, the terms “website” or “blog” are usually too general to pick as your domain name owners.
Once you have chosen a unique and valid domain name for your site, the next step is to register it through a registrar service. You will pay an annual fee that allows you to use that particular name.
This is called the registration period and differs depending on how often the registrar services change the domain name.
Most services offer more than one-year registration periods, including weekly, monthly or annual registrations. You will choose the length of your service period, but if you are not satisfied with it, you can always make a new selection when your current registration expires.
Some domain name registrars also give discounts for longer durations, which you will see as a dropdown option when registering. A domain registrar is a company that sells domain names that aren't currently owned and are available for you to register.
How to Transfer a Domain Name?
A domain name is a helpful identifier in the internet world. At present, it is used by every website and email address. People need to develop a different method when they want to transfer or change their domain name server (DNS).
Every domain host has its policy when transferring domains, but we believe that we can transfer a domain name as long as we follow their rules.
Your domains will automatically be pointed to the new server, and it will take 24-48 hours for all browsers to reflect those changes.
It is also important that you update your DNS settings for this change to happen effectively. After the transfer, give the registry and your current registrar at least 24 hours to update the domain's DNS servers.
After choosing a new web host that meets your needs, you should select an appropriate registrar for your domain name. You should then follow the rules of this registrar to transfer your domain name. Some companies require that you unlock your domain before moving it.
If they do not, you may simply continue with the transfer. This is extremely important if your domain name is registered with a popular company like GoDaddy or Namecheap.
How to keep a domain name secure?
It is effortless to keep a domain name secure. Domain names are like your property, and you should take good care of them to keep your property safe.
You can get the latest tips on keeping such properties safe from internet-related help forums and other authorities who provide such services online free of cost. It is better to use some email ids for your domains.
In this way, you can keep it safe from hackers and other malicious elements who will try to get information from you by sending emails.
The most common thing that people do is use their email IDs to get others' stuff. They give all their contact details through these email ids, and also, these email ids are not protected.
So they receive lots of spam emails, and they get annoyed by those mails. And this is the case with everyone as everyone does not use good email ids for their domains and gives out all contact details privately.
A domain name is a kind of identification for network devices. Like the website, if our website address has been changed, visitors who access the old link will automatically be transferred to the correct location.
The same thing applies here as well for a domain name. If we change our domain name, our traffic and links will be automatically redirected to the new domain.
Benefits of the domain name?
A domain name is a human-friendly internet address for delivering information through websites. It is used to identify the website's location, communicate with other Internet users, send emails, etc.
The primary purpose of a domain name is to give an identity to the company or organization that owns it. Domain names are used by individuals and organizations worldwide.
Domain name system (DNS) is the system that converts domain names into internet addresses, which is easier to remember and to communicate with other users on the Internet.
The Bottom Line
A domain name is a sequence of the maximum of 63 letters and numbers separated by comers or dots. The letters may be Latin or another alphabet, which doesn't matter.
The last element in the domain name is a top-level domain (TLD), such as .com for commercial companies, .info for informational sites and .org stands for non-profit organizations.
The domain name is a unique label to identify an Internet resource using a web browser, and it's the only thing you need to get access to any of millions of websites available online.
It can be compared with a street address or telephone number, which helps us to locate desired office or person. The domain names are necessary for website localization, as search engines and web addresses must be accessible to various languages.