TOR (The Onion Router) is an open-source web browser that lets you browse the internet anonymously via the Tor network that is made up of thousands of volunteer nodes, or relays.
Tor is a network of virtual tunnels that allows people and groups to improve their privacy and security on the Internet. Tor protects you by bouncing your communications around a distributed network of relays run by volunteers all around the world.
It prevents somebody watching your Internet connection from learning what sites you visit, and it prevents the sites you visit from learning your physical location. Tor can't solve all anonymity problems.
The fact that the NSA monitors traffic entering and exiting the United States, for example, means that both ends of a conversation must use tor to communicate with each other if they want protection against eavesdropping–but this might not be enough.
In this blog post, we will go over some of the common questions about tor and how it works as well as talk about some of its benefits and drawbacks.
What does Tor work?
Tor is a free service that allows you to surf the Internet anonymously. The way it works is that your connection to the Tor network gets routed through several other computers, which are called “nodes.”
It's kind of like if one person told you a secret and then you told another person who passed it on to another person and so on until hundreds of people knew the secret.
As more people know a secret, it becomes harder to identify who initially told you the secret. This is how Tor makes your anonymous online activity much safer than regular Internet use.
Your Internet service provider can't see what site you're going to because all the traffic from your computer gets rerouted randomly through other Tor nodes.
Your request to a site is bounced around from Tor node to Tor node, and then it exits onto the regular Internet from a Tor node that's not connected to your computer.
This means that anyone watching the traffic on one of those nodes can't tell it came from you. At most, they'll see the IP address of the last Tor node before it enters the regular Internet.
Advantages of using Tor
Let's discuss the advantages in detail!
Highly anonymous surfing and searching, even on public wifi networks.
Tor messenger will help you use onion router with ease
Access sites from around the world without being tracked or blocked by a national firewall such as China's Golden Shield Project (the Great Firewall of China).
“Onion routing” allows users to share information over a network with multiple layers of encryption, which makes it difficult for third parties to see who sent the information and where it's going.
Anonymous research on sensitive topics such as Tor itself—you can read what they're doing on their website or in scientific papers without endangering your job or incurring the wrath of your university's IT department.
Who uses Tor?
Millions of people around the world use Tor to protect their privacy. Some of these people literally need to escape from real-time mass surveillance, while others simply want to avoid some mild tracking by ad networks and other websites. Whistleblowers and journalists use it to communicate more safely with whistleblowers—a group of people who often risk everything to inform the public about wrongdoings in the government and private sector.
Tor is also used by police, military, corporations, reporters, law firms, activists, hackers…and probably even governments—we're not sure. This diversity of users is simply because they share a common need to keep their actions online private from those who shouldn't see them.
How does Tor help?
Using Tor protects you by bouncing your communications around a distributed network of relays run by volunteers all around the world: it prevents somebody watching your Internet connection from learning what sites you visit, and it prevents the sites you visit from learning your physical location. Instead of just trusting that a particular website isn't going to track you, it's better to rely on Tor's decentralized network to help assure that.
Tor also provides a way to circumvent Internet censorship. While many of the sites you visit might be hosted somewhere in the world, each may actually use web servers provided by numerous ISPs using different routing. Unless every ISP along the way reliably filters connections to the censored site, you can access it.
With Tor's approach, you use a local software relay (called a “bridge”) that intercepts traffic sent to the censor-controlled address and forwards it via an encrypted connection to another randomly selected volunteer near where the censored service is hosted.
That volunteer then sends the traffic on to yet another randomly selected volunteer that is closer to the censored service, and so on. Each relay knows only which the previous relay sent it a packet, not where it's going next, so neither does any censor at any chokepoint along the way. Use the tor browser and get free software on the dark web to grab internet users on a tor project.
Why should I use Tor?
Tor protects you by bouncing your communications around a distributed network of relays run by volunteers all around the world: it prevents somebody watching your Internet connection from learning what sites you visit, and it prevents the sites you visit from learning your physical location.
Tor users will find the tor project website more beneficial than a normal web browser to get internet traffic. Is tor browser legal? YES! Tor exit node is great for IP addresses with effective browsing history as tor aims to be safe and secure for an internet browser.