The Five Eyes (FVEY) is a surveillance and intelligence sharing alliance between five countries, including the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand.
What is FVEY?
They are five countries involved in surveillance. They work together to collect information on citizens of their own country and other countries as well. This enables them to have almost full access to the data of all citizens. Their goal is not to target any particular individual but instead, they want this power to keep an eye on potential threats to their countries.
The five countries are the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, Australia and New Zealand. Together they have formed a group known as the Five Eyes Alliance. They share intelligence with each other and work together to collect data on citizens of all these countries. This is done in order to monitor potential terrorist threats and other security concerns.
The Five Eyes Alliance is also known as the AUSCANNZUKUS Agreement. This agreement was formed in 1941 and has been in effect ever since. The five countries involved have agreed not to spy on each other and to share information only for the purpose of national security. FVEY is the acronym for Five Eyes.
What do five eyes do?
The Five Eyes alliance is a group of countries that work together to share intelligence. The five members are the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, Australia, and New Zealand.
The alliance was formed after World War II in order to help protect against future threats. The member countries share information with each other about enemies and potential threats.
The Five Eyes alliance is also known as the “Five Eyes Intelligence Community”. The members work together to collect and analyze human intelligence and share information about threats to their countries.
The Five Eyes alliance has been important in helping to fight terrorism and other threats. The members work together to track down terrorists and prevent attacks. They also cooperate in sharing intelligence about weapons of mass destruction. It's different than nine eyes countries for intelligence sharing by the national security law.
The alliance has also been important in the fight against cybercrime. The members work together to track down criminals who use the internet to commit crimes. They also cooperate in sharing information about cybersecurity threats.
The Five Eyes alliance is a valuable partnership that helps protect the countries involved from various threats.
What is the history of FVEY?
The first time Canada became connected to the FVEY agreement was during the Second World War. In 1941 Canada, Australia, and New Zealand were under British command. The British knew that they needed a way to communicate securely between these countries so they made a secret agreement to share intelligence with each other
This group of countries became known as the British Commonwealth or “the Five Eyes.”
Canada later joined this group in 1946, after having been independent for six years.
The Five-Eyes Agreement is still in effect today, although it is no longer limited only to the members of the British Commonwealth.
There are now eight countries that share intelligence agencies with each other under this agreement, including the United States.
The first non-British country to join was Canada in 1946. The next was Australia in 1947 and then New Zealand in 1956.
More about the history
In March 1946, the newly formed United Nations Security Council held its first meeting.
At this meeting, the Five-Eyes agreed to meet and share intelligence with each other at the first opportunity.
During the Cold War (1945–sometime in the 1990s) another four countries joined: The United States (US), Britain, France, and West Germany or other foreign countries. All of these countries knew that they shared some common interests when it came to security, particularly in opposition to the Soviet Union.
Today, there are five countries that participate in this agreement under the Five-Eyes, although they may not always work directly with each other. For example, while Canada does share intelligence with America and Britain, they do not work on Five Eyes projects with New Zealand. As of 2013, the Five-Eyes consists of:
Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Great Britain, and the United States. Intelligence organization works under national security agency for secret treaty within foreign governments. The fourteen eyes will make it work. The main purpose behind FVEY is to share intelligence so that they can ‘protect’ their citizens.
What does Five Eyes mean in the intelligence community?
In the intelligence community, Five Eyes is a term that refers to an alliance of five countries: the United States, Canada, New Zealand, Australia and the United Kingdom. In 1946, these five English-speaking countries joined together to form an international surveillance and information sharing alliance.
Though not all members of this group may have active surveillance programs in place in each of the Five Eyes countries, some experts say that the alliance has gone a long way toward making global surveillance simpler and more cost-effective for member nations.
The first five eyes agreement:
The agreement was reached at a meeting in London in March 1946 between the US and representatives of Britain, Australia, Canada, and New Zealand. The agreement defined intelligence as “the art and science of collecting, analyzing, evaluating and disseminating” information that covers “defence and foreign affairs”. It specifically excluded”military plans and defense.” The agreement was “frankly an intelligence alliance” between the five countries.
The first five eyes document:
In the early 1980s, during what became known as ‘the Thatcher-Reagan doctrine', UKUSA members signed a number of bilateral agreements with the United States to extend their signals intelligence cooperation. One of these agreements (the UKUSA Agreement) was the first five eyes document. It formalized cooperation between the US, Australia, Canada, and New Zealand and the UK's SIGINT agency, GCHQ.
The agreement also applied to sharing of raw signals intelligence and made provisions for a common computer system named Platform. The agreement stipulated that there was no “need for consultation between partners prior to making any exchange of intelligence material and associated materials (including new collection and cooperation on tasking and evaluation)… No agreement will be signed or otherwise made public.
Under the terms of the agreement, each country is obliged to provide full support in obtaining access to all communications of interest to one another, and it prohibits either party (and its contractors) from using the other country's intelligence capabilities to circumvent domestic laws governing surveillance.
The agreement came about initially because the US wanted GCHQto monitor international communications as part of efforts to intercept data flowing through Soviet submarine communication cables. The NSA was also worried about the threat of Soviet satellite surveillance over the US and Canada and so wanted access to GCHQ's more powerful radar technology, including its various space stations.
Five Eyes Countries
Of the Five Eyes countries, the United States is considered to be the most active member. According to documents leaked by former NSA contractor Edward Snowden, surveillance programs in these countries are centered around this alliance between the NSA and its counterpart agencies in other nations.
|Country||Year of Joining||Monitoring|
|United States||1946 (UK & US formed the FVEY in 1946)||The US monitors the Middle East, the Caribbean, Africa, China & Russia.|
|United Kingdom||1946 (UK & US formed the FVEY in 1946)||The UK monitors the Middle East, Europe, European Russia & Hong Kong|
|Canada||1948||Canada monitors China & Russia|
|Australia||1956||Australia monitors Australia-Pacific and South East Asia regions|
|New Zealand||1956||New Zealand monitors Australia-Pacific and South East Asia regions|
The U.S.'s primary goal is signals intelligence, which entails the interception and analysis of various types of communications, such as emails and phone calls. Canada's counterpart is the Communications Security Establishment Canada (CSEC). The CSEC focuses on gathering intelligence related to foreign cyber threats.
Australia's primary security agency is the Australian Signals Directorate (ASD). Like its counterpart agencies in other countries, ASD has vast access to intelligence gathering, including the ability to monitor phone calls, emails, and other forms of communication.
The United Kingdom has its Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ), which is responsible for most surveillance programs in that country. New Zealand's counterpart agency is the Government Communications Security Bureau (GCSB).
Since agencies in Five Eyes countries have access to enormous amounts of intelligence regarding individual citizens, some have argued that these agencies have too much power to monitor the online activities of private individuals.
Moreover, in light of Snowden's revelations about widespread surveillance by Five Eyes countries, many people are concerned about their privacy within the network and outside of it.
What are 9-Eyes and 14-Eyes?
FVEY has grown from five, to nine and now to fourteen countries.
- Nine Eyes countries: US, UK, Canada, New Zealand, Australia, Denmark, France, the Netherlands, Norway.
- Fourteen Eyes countries: US, UK, Canada, New Zealand, Australia, Denmark, France, the Netherlands, Norway, Germany, Belgium, Italy, Sweden, Spain.
Learn more about the 5/9/14 eyes alliance.